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Oct 31, 2014

The Romanovs

The Romanovs

The Romanovs were the last imperial dynasty of Russia, ruling the Russian Empire for five generations from 1613-1672. The last Romanov monarch, Nicholas II of Russia, his wife, Alexandra Fyodorovna (granddaughter of Queen Victoria), and their children were killed by Bolshevik authorities in the cellar of the Iptiev House in Yeaterinburg, Russia on July 17, 1918.

In 1991, the bodies of Nicholas II, Alexandra Fyodorovna, and three of their five children were exhumed from graves after 70 years. The inability to locate two of the bodies of the children has led to numerous speculations, many believing that two of the Romanov children had escaped the killings.

DNA testing has identified the mtDNA haplogroup and sequences for the Romanov family line.

Discover your relation to the Romanovs »

mtDNA Haplogroup of Tsar Nicholas Romanov:

T

mtDNA Sequence of Tsar Nicholas Romanov:
16126C, 16169Y, 16294T, 16296T
mtDNA Haplogroup of Count Trubetskoy:

T

mtDNA Sequence of Count Trubetskoy:
16126C, 16169Y, 16294T, 16296T
mtDNA Haplogroup of Tsarina Alexandra:

H

mtDNA Sequence of Tsarina Alexandra:
16111T, 16357G, 16263G, 16315.1C
mtDNA Haplogroup of Prince Philip:

H

mtDNA Sequence of Prince Philip:
16111T, 16357G, 16263G, 16315.1C

References

Identification of the remains of the Romanov family by DNA analysis.
Gill P, Ivanov PL, Kimpton C, Piercy R, Benson N, Tully G, Evett I, Hagelberg E, Sullivan K.
Nat Genet. 1994 Feb;6(2):130-5.

Central Research and Support Establishment, Forensic Science Service, Aldermaston, Reading, Berkshire, UK.
Nine skeletons found in a shallow grave in Ekaterinburg, Russia, in July 1991, were tentatively identified by Russian forensic authorities as the remains of the last Tsar, Tsarina, three of their five children, the Royal Physician and three servants. We have performed DNA based sex testing and short tandem repeat (STR) analysis and confirm that a family group was present in the grave. Analysis of mitochondrial (mt) DNA reveals an exact sequence match between the putative Tsarina and the three children with a living maternal relative. Amplified mtDNA extracted from the remains of the putative Tsar has been cloned to demonstrate heteroplasmy at a single base within the mtDNA control region. One of these sequences matches two living maternal relatives of the Tsar. We conclude that the DNA evidence supports the hypothesis that the remains are those of the Romanov family.

Knight A, Zhivotovsky LA, Kass DH, Litwin DE, Green LD, White PS.
Ongoing controversy over Romanov remains.
Science. 2004 Oct 15;306(5695):407-10. No abstract available.

Gill P, Hagelberg E.
Ongoing controversy over Romanov remains.
Science. 2004 Oct 15;306(5695):407-10. No abstract available.

Hofreiter M, Loreille O, Ferriola D, Parsons TJ.
Ongoing controversy over Romanov remains.
Science. 2004 Oct 15;306(5695):407-10. No abstract available.

DNA forensics. Buried, recovered, lost again? The Romanovs may never rest
Stone R. Science. 2004 Feb 6;303(5659):753.
Marie The results of the expert studies on the bone remains from the site of the burial of the family of the former Emperor Nicholas II
Tomilin VV.
Sud Med Ekspert. 1998 Sep-Oct;41(5):50-4.
Results of expert studies of bone remains found at the site of burial of the family of late Emperor Nicholas II and subjects in their attendance are presented. All expert evaluations and identification studies (forensic biological, microosteological, forensic dental, medical anthropological, molecular genetic analysis, computer photoblending of the skull and life-time photographs, plastic reconstruction, etc.) are listed. Gunshot and other injuries on bone rudiments are described. Signs of long stay of bone remains in soil are detected. Signs of exposure of some remains to aggressive chemical medium (probably inorganic acid) at the site where they were found are noted. The remains of 9 subjects from group burial near Ekaterinburg are identified as Russian Emperor Nicholas II and his family members (N. A. Romanov, A. F. Romanova, O. N. Romanova, T. N. Romanova, and A. N. Romanova) and persons in their attendance Ye. S. Botkin, A. S. Demidova, A. Ye. Troupp, and I. M. Kharitonov. Official documents of the State Commission are offered.

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